Recount text is categorized as “the story genre which functions to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining” (Hartono, 2005). Anderson & Anderson (2003) state that “a recount text is a piece of text retelling past events, usually in the order in which they happened. The purpose of a recount text is to give the audience a description of what occurred and when it occurred”. Knapp and Watkins (2005) emphasizes that text such as recount text has a basic form of sequencing units of information.
Meanwhile, Mukarto et al (2007) state that the generic structure or rhetorical features of a recount text consist of three parts, namely: a) orientation, it gives reader background information of the story. As the opening paragraph, it should answer the questions: who, what, where, when, and how; b) list/series of events, it tells a series of events in a chronological order and describes what happened (Biber & Conrad, 2009); c) reorientation, it consists of a type of conclusion with a comment or a summary and evaluation about the topic of the story.
Beside the generic structure or rhetorical features of a recount text, as Anderson & Anderson (2003) state, there are also the language features which are usually found in a recount text, they are: a) proper nouns to identify those involved in the text; b) descriptive words to give details about who, what, when, where, and how; c) the use of the past tense to retell the events, and 4) words that show the order of events or connectors (for example, first, next, then, etc).
Anderson, M. & Anderson, K. 2003. Text Types in English 1. South Yarra, Victoria: MacMillan Education Australia.
Biber, D. & Conrad, S. 2009. Register, Genre, and Style. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hartono, R. 2005. Genre-Based Writing. Semarang: Semarang State University
Knapp, P. & Watkins, M. 2005. Genre, Text, Grammar: Technologies for Teaching and Assessing Writing. Sydney, Australia: University of New South Wales Press, Ltd.
Mukarto, Sujatmiko, Josephine, & Kiswara. 2007. English on Sky 2 for Junior High School Students Year VIII. Jakarta: Erlangga.